The term "Industry 4.0" originates from a project in the high-tech strategy of the German government promoting the computerisation of manufacturing and
adopted globally as a name for the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies. It includes cyber-physical systems,
the Internet of Things, cloud computing and cognitive computing. Industry 4.0 introduces what has been called the “smart factory,” in which cyber-physical
systems monitor the physical processes of the factory and make decentralised decisions.